Adverse outcomes have been reported in the perioperative setting in patients with known or unrecognized sleep apnea. In people who have OSA, up to one third of patients have developed substantial respiratory or cardiac complications including irregular heartbeats, decreased oxygen to the heart or ICU admission. There is also an increased risk of infection after the operation. Special consideration for anesthesia, sedation, or pain control needs to be taken into account for OSA.
Sleep diagnosis and therapy volume 2 number 1, Feb/Mar 07: 17.